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Saint Augustine
Conservatism, Christianity, and the Revitalization of Europe - Endnotes
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Article Index
Conservatism, Christianity, and the Revitalization of Europe
The Path to Western Secularism
The Arguments of the Secular Conservatives
Fundamental Flaws in These Arguments
What We Can Learn from Contemporary Russian Conservatives
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1. Cited in George Weigel, The Cube and the Cathedral: Europe, America, and Politics Without God (New York, 2005), 59.
2. Friedrich Nietzsche, The Will to Power, trans. Walter Kaufmann and R. J. Hollingdale (New York, 1968), 3.
3. According to The American Heritage Dictionary, “nihilism” means “1. A doctrine that all values are baseless and that nothing is knowable or can be communicated. 2. Rejection of all distinctions in moral values, constituting a willingness to refute all previous theories of morality. 3. The belief that destruction of existing political or social institutions is necessary for future improvement.” I would add “the view that life possesses no meaning, in the sense of an ultimate goal.” I do not refer to Leo Strauss’s misleading definition: “a revolt against civilization as the culture of reason.” He meant a revolt against the Enlightenment. See his “German Nihilism,” Interpretation (Spring 1999), 353-78.
4. On Muller and Russell Kirk, see the excellent essay by Mark C. Henrie, “Opposing Strains,” Modern Age Journal (Winter 2002), 24-29. 5. Jerry Z. Muller, ed., Conservatism: An Anthology of Social and Political Thought From David Hume to the Present (Princeton, 1997), 13.
6. Ibid., 24.
7. Ibid., 5.
8. Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France, ed. Conor Cruise O’Brien (Harmondsworth, Middlesex, 1969), 228.
9. Muller, Conservatism, xiv.
10. Cited in T. S. Eliot, Christianity and Culture (New York, 1949), 158.
11. John Lukacs, Confessions of an Original Sinner (New York, 1990), 302.
12. Heather Mac Donald in The American Conservative, August 28, 2006, at
13. Michael Henry, “John Kekes and the Predicament of the Secularist,” Modern Age Journal (Winter 2007), 60.
14. John Derbyshire, “God & Me,” NRO, at http://article.national…
15. Theodore Dalrymple, “Let’s Be Rational,” New English Review, at  print.cfm?pg=custpage&frm=4820&-sec_id= 4820.
16. Paul Hollander, Political Pilgrims: Travels of Western Intellectuals to the Soviet Union, China, and Cuba (New York, 1981), 29. 17. Burke, 187-88.
18. Roger Scruton, Gentle Regrets: Thoughts from a Life (London, 2005), 31.
19. Eliot, 200.
20. Russell Kirk, The Conservative Mind: From Burke to Eliot (Chicago, 1986), 493.
21. Cited in Tom Piatak, “Ecrasez L’infame: The Persistence of Christophobia,” Chronicles: A Magazine of American Culture (April 2007), 14.
22. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn, The Solzhenitsyn Reader: New and Essential Writings 1947-2005, ed. Edward E. Ericson,Jr., and Daniel J. Mahoney (Wilmington, DE, 2006), 580.
23. George F. Kennan, Sketches From a Life (New York, 1989), 108-109.
24. Solzhenitsyn in The Solzhenitsyn Reader, 582.
25. Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn in Solzhenitsyn at Harvard: The Address, Twelve Early Responses, and Six Later Reflections (Washington, DC, 1980), 12.
26. Richard Pipes, Vixi: Memoirs of a Non-Belonger (New Haven, 2003), 23.
27. Solzhenitsyn in Solzhenitsyn at Harvard, 19. 
28. Pipes in ibid., 116.
29. Pipes, Vixi, 114-15.
30. Richard Pipes, Russian Conservatism and Its Critics (New Haven, 2005), 118.
31. Ibid., 137.
32. Cited in Joseph Pearce, Solzhenitsyn: A Soul in Exile (Grand Rapids, MI, 2001), 292.
33. Cited in Ethan Alexander-Davey, “The Rebirth of Russian Conservatism,” The University Bookman (Fall 2006), 6-7.

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Last Updated on Thursday, 12 January 2012 20:49